Information About The Transvaginal Mesh Patch Surgery

Per the definition of US Food and Drug Administration, Transvaginal surgical mesh patch is considered to be as the medical device. This surgical mesh would be generally used in the repair of the weakened and damaged tissues. These meshes are under the use of for many of the urogynecologic procedures. Most commonly, in practice, these meshes are being used for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. These meshes would be implanted for reinforcing the vaginal walls that are weakened. These meshes would be implanted permanently for repairing pelvic organ prolapse. In the process of repairing stress urinary incontinence, these meshes are used for providing support to the urethra or the neck of the bladder.

Surgical Procedure – Sling Procedure:

The surgical procedure that is undertaken for the implantation of the transvaginal mesh patch would be done under a general anesthetic or a spinal anesthetic. The anesthetic is selected based on the clinical factors that are considered by an anesthesiologist and also depending upon the preferences put forward by the patients.

In the vaginal area of the female patients, a small incision would be made and along the skin in the groin, two small incisions would be made. Following these incisions, the transvaginal mesh patch would be placed which would extend from one of the incisions on the skin towards the vagina. This mesh would also be extended around the urethra. The mesh would be back out via the second incision on the skin thereby creating a U-shaped hammock structure which would provide the necessary support around the urethra. After the transvaginal mesh should be positioned as mentioned here, all the small incisions in the groin area and the vaginal canal would be closed and then stitched.

About the Sling System:

The sling system has been designed for adding the support to the urethra and for stabilizing the same. The normal urinary function would be restored with the help of the sling structure. The tension of the transvaginal mesh would be adjusted in order to decrease the urinary leakage.

After the Sling Procedure:

The female recipients of the transvaginal mesh patch would be prescribed with the antibiotics as well as the medications for the pain. Sometimes, they would be prescribed with the over the counter medications for the pain. For a shorter duration, the routine physical activities would be restricted for the patients. In addition to this, the strenuous activity might be restricted for the period of 6 to 12 weeks.

Problems associated with the sling procedure:

This transvaginal mesh patch surgery itself might give rise to various kinds of urinary as well as genital problems. The problems that may arise are as follows:

  1. Difficulty in urination could be observed.
  2. Incomplete emptying of the urinary bladder which is a condition called urinary retention.
  3. Overactive bladder could be developed and this may include urge incontinence.
  4. Infections could be observed in urinary tract.
  5. Pain could develop during the sexual intercourse.

 

Before undergoing the surgical procedure, the female recipients of the sling procedure should be known about these adverse side effects.